Camouflage consists of two elements: concealment and deceit. The two components of concealment are screening (i.e. hiding defence works from view with natural screens or artificial screens) and blending (i.e. blending defence works into the background). The two main components of deceit are disguise (to give the enemy a false impression of the defence work) and dummy positions (to deceive the enemy of the true tactical situation).
Every military operation leaves its own trace on the ground which the enemy would be trained to recognise. Defence works could be betrayed by shadow, shine and tracks leading up to them. Camouflage was the art to prevent drawing the enemy observer’s attention.
Above images show the trace left on the ground of a platoon postion and Field battery. Also a pillbox, huts and trucks are betrayed by shine. A track leads
straight to a machine gun post.
The type of materials used would depend the background and the distance and angle of expected enemy observation. All camouflage materials are chosen for their ability to match the background against which they will be used.
Camouflage materials consist of: